Pre-verbal babies and toddlers can't ask for help when they are injured.

Justice in every case demands the highest level of competency from each member of the multi-disciplinary medical, legal and law enforcement teams involved in these investigations.

Babies and Toddlers, Inc. – The BaT – provides all levels of specialized training for lawyers, law enforcement, doctors/medical personnel and other professionals involved in the highly complex, medical-legal investigations and prosecutions of serious physical injuries/fatalities of babies and toddlers. BaT Training assists multi-disciplinary teams in navigating the difficulties commonly encountered in cases of Abusive Head Trauma, fractures, solid organ injuries and burns.

Pre-verbal babies and toddlers can't ask for help when they are injured.

Justice in every case demands the highest level of competency from each member of the multi-disciplinary medical, legal and law enforcement teams involved in these investigations.

Babies and Toddlers, Inc. – The BaT – provides all levels of specialized training for lawyers, law enforcement, doctors/medical personnel and other professionals involved in the highly complex, medical-legal investigations and prosecutions of serious physical injuries/fatalities of babies and toddlers. BaT Training assists multi-disciplinary teams in navigating the difficulties commonly encountered in cases of Abusive Head Trauma, fractures, solid organ injuries and burns.

"If we don't stand up for children, then we don't stand for much."

– Marian Wright Edelman
Founder, Children’s Defense Fund

"If we don't stand up for children, then we don't stand for much."

– Marian Wright Edelman
Founder, Children’s Defense Fund

2021 New York City Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Conference

November 4-5, 2021
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner Auditorium

The agenda is here!

Thursday, November 4, 2021

8:15am – 9:00am

9:00am – 9:30am

 

 

9:30am – 10:30am




10:30am – 10:45am

10:45am – 11:45am




11:45am – 12:45pm





12:45pm – 2:00pm

2:00pm – 3:00pm

 

 



3:00pm – 3:10pm








3:10pm – 3:20pm

3:20pm – 4:20pm




4:20pm – 5:15pm

Registration

Opening Remarks
Barbara Sampson, MD, PhD 
New York City Chief Medical Examiner
Leigh Bishop, JD
Babies and Toddlers, Inc.

The Consultation for Babies and Toddlers Physical Abuse: Beyond the History and Examination
Andrea Asnes, MD, MSW
Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine
Director, Yale Programs for Safety, Advocacy and Healing 

Break

Retinal Hemorrhages in Babies and Toddlers: What is the Differential Diagnosis?
Brian J. Forbes, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

Protecting Children in the Age of Alternative Facts: Lessons from the Frontline
Cindy W. Christian, MD
Anthony A. Latini endowed Chair in the Prevention of Child Abuse and
Neglect at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

Lunch

Baby and Toddler Sudden Death Investigations
Melissa Pasquale, MD
Deputy Chief Medical Examiner
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner
Joseph Pestaner, MD
City Medical Examiner
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner

2021 Babies and Toddlers Outstanding Investigator Awards Presentation 
Ingrid A. Walker Descartes, MD, MPH, MBA
Vice Chair for Education, Department of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Residency Program 
Maimonides Medical Center
James B. Schneider, MD, FAAP, FCCP
Chief, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Cohen Children’s Medical Center
Associate Professor Pediatrics, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell Health 

Break

The Radiological Investigation of Skeletal Injuries in Babies and Toddlers
Jeannette M. Peréz Rosselló, MD
Staff Radiologist, Boston Children’s Hospital
Assistant Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School

Pediatric Neurosurgical Perspective on Abusive Head Trauma 
Mark A. Mittler, MD, FAANS, FACS, FAAP
Co-Director, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Cohen Children’s Medical Center, Northwell Health

Friday, November 5, 2021

9:00am – 10:00am




10:00am – 11:00am

11:00am – 11:150am

11:15am – 12:15pm




12:15pm – 1:15pm



The Impact of Adversity and Disparity on Babies’ and Toddlers’ Health
Christopher S. Greeley, MD, MS
Chief, Section of Public Health and Primary Care
Texas Children’s Hospital

Legal Discussion TBD

Break

Global Legal Controversies in Child Abuse
Joëlle Anne Moreno, JD
Associate Dean and Professor of Law 
Florida International University

Identifying Child Maltreatment in Infants with Sudden, Unexpected Death
Vincent J. Palusci, MD, MS, FAAP
Department of Pediatrics
New York University Grossman School of Medicine

2021 New York City Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Conference

November 4-5, 2021
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner Auditorium

The agenda is here!

Thursday, November 4, 2021

8:15am – 9:00am
Registration

9:00am – 9:30am
Opening Remarks
Barbara Sampson, MD, PhD 
New York City Chief Medical Examiner
Leigh Bishop, JD
Babies and Toddlers, Inc.

9:30am – 10:30am
The Consultation for Babies and Toddlers Physical Abuse: Beyond the History and Examination
Andrea Asnes, MD, MSW
Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine
Director, Yale Programs for Safety, Advocacy and Healing 

10:30am – 10:45am
Break

10:45am – 11:45am
Retinal Hemorrhages in Babies and Toddlers: What is the Differential Diagnosis?
Brian J. Forbes, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

11:45am – 12:45pm
Protecting Children in the Age of Alternative Facts: Lessons from the Frontline
Cindy W. Christian, MD
Anthony A. Latini endowed Chair in the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

12:45pm – 2:00pm
Lunch

2:00pm – 3:00pm
Baby and Toddler Sudden Death Investigations
Melissa Pasquale, MD
Deputy Chief Medical Examiner
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner
Joseph Pestaner, MD
City Medical Examiner
New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner

3:00pm – 3:10pm
2021 Babies and Toddlers Outstanding Investigator Awards Presentation 
Ingrid A. Walker Descartes, MD, MPH, MBA
Vice Chair for Education, Department of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Residency Program 
Maimonides Medical Center
James B. Schneider, MD, FAAP, FCCP
Chief, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Cohen Children’s Medical Center
Associate Professor Pediatrics, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell Health 

3:10pm – 3:20pm
Break

3:20pm – 4:20pm
The Radiological Investigation of Skeletal Injuries in Babies and Toddlers
Jeannette M. Peréz Rosselló, MD
Staff Radiologist, Boston Children’s Hospital
Assistant Professor of Radiology, Harvard Medical School

4:20pm – 5:15pm
Pediatric Neurosurgical Perspective on Abusive Head Trauma 
Mark A. Mittler, MD, FAANS, FACS, FAAP
Co-Director, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Cohen Children’s Medical Center, Northwell Health

Friday, November 5, 2021

9:00am – 10:00am
The Impact of Adversity and Disparity on Babies’ and Toddlers’ Health
Christopher S. Greeley, MD, MS
Chief, Section of Public Health and Primary Care
Texas Children’s Hospital

10:00am – 11:00am
Legal Discussion TBD

11:00am – 11:15am
Break

11:15am – 12:15pm
Global Legal Controversies in Child Abuse
Joëlle Anne Moreno, JD
Associate Dean and Professor of Law 
Florida International University

12:15pm – 1:15pm
Identifying Child Maltreatment in Infants with Sudden, Unexpected Death
Vincent J. Palusci, MD, MS, FAAP
Department of Pediatrics
New York University Grossman School of Medicine

BaT Training & Presentations

Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Bootcamp (2021)
New York City Police Department Homicide Investigators

Babies and Toddlers Bootcamp: Basics of Pediatric Trauma Investigations (2020)
National Center for Shaken Baby Syndrome 2021 Post-Conference Symposium

New York City Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Conference (2019)
Chaired and organized inaugural national forum for discussion and debate covering recent developments in the diagnosis, investigation, and prosecution of baby and toddler fatalities and serious physical injuries. Conference attracted more than 300 medical, legal, judicial, academic, and law enforcement professionals from around the country. Co-sponsors included the New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, NYU School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children and Yale School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics.

Montana County Attorneys Association Summer Conference (2021)
“Abusive Head Trauma Investigations and Prosecutions”

New York City Police Department, Special Victims Investigators Training Course (2021)
“Abusive Head Trauma: Investigate for Justice”

Zero Abuse Project: New Jersey Prosecutor Institute (2021)
“The Importance of a Thorough Investigation in Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions”

New York Prosecutors Training Institute, Summer College (2020)
“Trauma-Informed Prosecution Project: Abusive Head Trauma”

BaT Training & Presentations

Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Bootcamp (2021)
New York City Police Department Homicide Investigators

Babies and Toddlers Bootcamp: Basics of Pediatric Trauma Investigations (2020)
National Center for Shaken Baby Syndrome 2021 Post-Conference Symposium

New York City Babies and Toddlers Trauma Investigations Conference (2019)
Chaired and organized inaugural national forum for discussion and debate covering recent developments in the diagnosis, investigation, and prosecution of baby and toddler fatalities and serious physical injuries. Conference attracted more than 300 medical, legal, judicial, academic, and law enforcement professionals from around the country. Co-sponsors included the New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, NYU School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children and Yale School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics.

Montana County Attorneys Association Summer Conference (2021)
“Abusive Head Trauma Investigations and Prosecutions”

New York City Police Department, Special Victims Investigators Training Course (2021)
“Abusive Head Trauma: Investigate for Justice”

Zero Abuse Project: New Jersey Prosecutor Institute (2021)
“The Importance of a Thorough Investigation in Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions”

New York Prosecutors Training Institute, Summer College (2020)
“Trauma-Informed Prosecution Project: Abusive Head Trauma”

Publications

Handling Child Abuse Cases Involving Violent Shaking and Abusive Head Trauma
American Bar Association, Children’s Rights Newsletter
Read >

Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Non-Accidental Trauma, Chapter
Osteogenesis Imperfecta: A Translational Approach to Brittle Bone Disease (Medical textbook)

Queens Prosecutors Appalled by ‘Shaken Baby’ Op-Ed
Boston NPR/WBUR
Read > 

Press

Shaken
New Yorker
Read >

What Happened to Baby Annie?
The New York Times
Read >  ||  Read >  ||   Read >  ||   Read >  ||   Read >

People v. Alma Caldavado
New York Law Journal
Read >

Leigh Bishop, Founder and President
Babies and Toddlers, Inc.

Leigh Bishop is the President and Founder of Babies and Toddlers, Inc., a non-profit organization that provides training to doctors, lawyers and law enforcement involved in the investigation of serious injuries and deaths of children under the age of 4 years. She served for more than 22 years as an Assistant District Attorney in Queens County, New York and for more than 5 years as the Chief of the first-of-its-kind Child Fatality Unit established by the Queens District Attorney’s Office in 2014. Leigh led multi-agency investigations involving the New York City Police Department Homicide Squads, Child Abuse Squads, Office of Chief Medical Examiner of New York City, Administration for Children’s Services and all major New York City hospital network child protection teams to determine cause of serious injury or death in children under age 4 in Queens County. Leigh specializes in homicide and assault investigations and prosecutions involving babies and toddlers with Abusive Head Trauma and is nationally recognized as a resource on the relevant medical and legal issues.  Leigh is a 1992 graduate from Rhodes College (Memphis, Tennessee) and she is a 1996 graduate from Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law (Dallas, Texas). Leigh is originally from Birmingham, Alabama.  Roll Tide!

Leigh Bishop,
Founder and President
Babies and Toddlers, Inc.

Leigh Bishop is the President and Founder of Babies and Toddlers, Inc., a non-profit organization that provides training to doctors, lawyers and law enforcement involved in the investigation of serious injuries and deaths of children under the age of 4 years. She served for more than 22 years as an Assistant District Attorney in Queens County, New York and for more than 5 years as the Chief of the first-of-its-kind Child Fatality Unit established by the Queens District Attorney’s Office in 2014. Leigh led multi-agency investigations involving the New York City Police Department Homicide Squads, Child Abuse Squads, Office of Chief Medical Examiner of New York City, Administration for Children’s Services and all major New York City hospital network child protection teams to determine cause of serious injury or death in children under age 4 in Queens County. Leigh specializes in homicide and assault investigations and prosecutions involving babies and toddlers with Abusive Head Trauma and is nationally recognized as a resource on the relevant medical and legal issues.  Leigh is a 1992 graduate from Rhodes College (Memphis, Tennessee) and she is a 1996 graduate from Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law (Dallas, Texas). Leigh is originally from Birmingham, Alabama.  Roll Tide!

The BaT Board of Directors

Tap to learn more about the men and women that make up the BaT Board.

Cindy W. Christian

The Honorable Arthur J. Cooperman

Mark A. Mittler

Joelle-Anne Moreno

Vincent J. Palusci

David L. Taub

Cindy W. Christian, MD

Anthony A. Latini endowed Chair in the Prevention of Child Abuse
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Read more >

The Honorable Arthur J. Cooperman

New York Supreme Court Justice (Retired)
Read more >

Mark A. Mittler, MD

Co-Director, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Cohen Children’s Hospital Northwell Health
Read more >

David L. Taub

Partner, New York
McDermott Will & Emery
Read more >

Vincent J. Palusci, MD

Professor of Pediatrics
New York University School of Medicine
Read more >

Joelle-Anne Moreno, JD

Professor of Law
Florida International University
Read more >

"They've proved they are persons, no matter how small."

-Dr. Seuss

Request BaT Training

For training inquiries, please contact Leigh Bishop here:

Join Us in Our Mission

Pre-verbal babies and toddlers can’t ask for help when they are injured.  Justice in every case demands the highest level of competency from each member of the multi-disciplinary team involved in these investigations. 

For donations by check and other correspondence by mail:

Babies and Toddlers, Inc.
Post Office Box 3350
New York, New York 10008-3350

Request BaT Training

For training inquiries, please contact Leigh Bishop here:

Join Us in Our Mission

Pre-verbal babies and toddlers can’t ask for help when they are injured.  Justice in every case demands the highest level of competency from each member of the multi-disciplinary team involved in these investigations. 

For donations by check and other correspondence by mail:

Babies and Toddlers, Inc.
Post Office Box 3350
New York, New York 10008-3350

The mission of our organization is to develop and establish national best practices models for the medical and legal handling of these investigations and to provide comprehensive training for all disciplines that interact in this complicated, proliferating area. The BaT is a national resource for education, best practices, data, research, and advocacy. Babies and Toddlers, Inc., is a New York not-for-profit corporation with status Section 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status from the Internal Revenue Service.

©2021 Babies and Toddlers, Inc. | Created by AMD Birmingham